Css Grid W3schools

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The CSS Grid Layout Module offers a grid-based layout system, with rows and columns, making it easier to design web pages without having to use floats and positioning. Browser Support The grid properties are supported in all modern browsers. CSS Grid Level 2 Examples. Subgrid on columns and rows. The subgrid value is used for grid-template-columns and grid-template-rows View example Read specification; Subgrid on columns, implicit grid rows. The subgrid value is used for grid-template-columns. The rows are created as an implicit grid. CSS Grid Layout excels at dividing a page into major regions or defining the relationship in terms of size, position, and layer, between parts of a control built from HTML primitives. Like tables, grid layout enables an author to align elements into columns and rows. However, many more layouts are either possible or easier with CSS grid than they were with tables. W3.CSS's grid system is responsive, and the columns will re-arrange automatically depending on the screen size: On a big screen it might look better with the content organized in three columns, but on a small screen it would be better if the content items were stacked on top of each other. Columns must reside inside a rowto be fully responsive.

The following lesson contains three examples of CSS Grid layouts.

Bootstrap-Style 12 Column Grid

Grid can significantly reduce the amount of code required to build responsive row/column layouts. Unlike a flex-based grid like Bootstrap, it does not require a bunch of classes in the markup to make the children responsive.

The grid below is an example of an implicit grid because we do not know the exact number of rows or columns in advance. Instead, we let CSS fill the available space based on the device size.

HTML

CSS

Responsive Photo Gallery

The next grid is a responsive photo gallery where photos can take up multiple cells. Like the previous example, it is also an implicit grid.

HTML

CSS

Animated Explicit Grid

The third grid example is a 4x4 explicit grid where each element is placed in specific area by name. The grid-template-areas property can position elements in the grid by matching the grid-area property on the children.

HTML

index.html

CSS

style.css

Menu

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Grid Layout

The CSS Grid Layout Module offers a grid-based layout system, with rows and columns, making it easier to design web pages without having to use floats and positioning.

Browser Support

The grid properties are supported in all modern browsers.

57.016.052.01044

Grid Elements

A grid layout consists of a parent element, with one or more child elements.

Example

<div>
<div>1</div>
<div>2</div>
<div>3</div>
<div>4</div>
<div>5</div>
<div>6</div>
<div>7</div>
<div>8</div>
<div>9</div>
</div>

Display Property

An HTML element becomes a grid container when its display property is set to grid or inline-grid.

Example

Example

All direct children of the grid container automatically become grid items.

Grid Columns

The vertical lines of grid items are called columns.

Grid Rows

The horizontal lines of grid items are called rows.

Grid Gaps

The spaces between each column/row are called gaps.

You can adjust the gap size by using one of the following properties:

  • grid-column-gap
  • grid-row-gap
  • grid-gap

Example

Css Flex Grid W3schools

The grid-column-gap property sets the gap between the columns:

.grid-container {
display: grid;
grid-column-gap: 50px;
}

Example

The grid-row-gap property sets the gap between the rows:

.grid-container {
display: grid;
grid-row-gap: 50px;
}

Example

The grid-gap property is a shorthand property for the grid-row-gap and the grid-column-gap properties:

.grid-container {
display: grid;
grid-gap: 50px 100px;
}

Example

The grid-gap property can also be used to set both the row gap and the column gap in one value:

.grid-container {
display: grid;
grid-gap: 50px;
}

Grid Lines

The lines between columns are called column lines.

The lines between rows are called row lines.

Refer to line numbers when placing a grid item in a grid container:

Example

Place a grid item at column line 1, and let it end on column line 3:

.item1 {
grid-column-start: 1;
grid-column-end: 3;
}

W3schools Css Grid Layout

Css

Example

Place a grid item at row line 1, and let it end on row line 3:

All CSS Grid Properties

PropertyDescription
column-gapSpecifies the gap between the columns
gapA shorthand property for the row-gap and the column-gap properties
gridA shorthand property for the grid-template-rows, grid-template-columns, grid-template-areas, grid-auto-rows, grid-auto-columns, and the grid-auto-flow properties
grid-areaEither specifies a name for the grid item, or this property is a shorthand property for the grid-row-start, grid-column-start, grid-row-end, and grid-column-end properties
grid-auto-columnsSpecifies a default column size
grid-auto-flowSpecifies how auto-placed items are inserted in the grid
grid-auto-rowsSpecifies a default row size
grid-columnA shorthand property for the grid-column-start and the grid-column-end properties
grid-column-endSpecifies where to end the grid item
grid-column-gapSpecifies the size of the gap between columns
grid-column-startSpecifies where to start the grid item
grid-gapA shorthand property for the grid-row-gap and grid-column-gap properties
grid-rowA shorthand property for the grid-row-start and the grid-row-end properties
grid-row-endSpecifies where to end the grid item
grid-row-gapSpecifies the size of the gap between rows
grid-row-startSpecifies where to start the grid item
grid-templateA shorthand property for the grid-template-rows, grid-template-columns and grid-areas properties
grid-template-areasSpecifies how to display columns and rows, using named grid items
grid-template-columnsSpecifies the size of the columns, and how many columns in a grid layout
grid-template-rowsSpecifies the size of the rows in a grid layout
row-gapSpecifies the gap between the grid rows

Web Design Grid